Andrew Payzant

Andrew Payzant

Position: Instrument Scientist

Beamline: HB-2B

Instrument: High Intensity Diffractometer for Residual stress Analysis

Group: Engineering Materials

Facility: High Flux Isotope Reactor, Spallation Neutron Source


Phone: (865) 235-4981

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN Engineering Materials Group Leader, Chemical and Engineering Materials Division (2013 to present) Senior R&D Staff, Chemical and Engineering Materials Division (2012 to present) Senior R&D Staff, Materials Science and Technology Division (2002 to 2012) R&D Staff, Metals and Ceramics Division (1997 to 2002) Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Oak Ridge, TN ORNL Postdoctoral Research Associate (1995-97) Electrofuel Manufacturing Co., Ltd., Toronto, Canada Engineer (part-time 1992-94) University of Western Ontario, London, Canada Graduate Teaching Assistant (1991-94) Technical University of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Canada Research Assistant (1989-91) Technical University of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Canada Graduate Teaching Assistant (1987-89)


​The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada Doctor of Philosophy (Engineering Science, 1995) Technical University of Nova Scotia, Halifax, Canada Master of Applied Science (Engineering Physics, 1989) Bachelor of Engineering (Engineering Physics, 1987) Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada Bachelor of Science (Physics, 1984)


My past and present research at ORNL has focused on the application of x-ray and neutron in-situ diffraction methods for determination of structure, texture, and residual stress in materials, including ion-conducting ceramics, permanent magnets, gas separation membranes, photovoltaic thin films, thermoelectrics, and engineering alloys. I have coauthored over 100 papers in peer-reviewed journals in addition to over 30 conference proceedings papers and technical reports, and serves as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Nanomaterials. I earned degrees in physics, engineering physics, and materials engineering, and is a member of the AAAS, ASM International, MRS, the Neutron Scattering Society of America, and a Fellow of the International Center for Diffraction Data.

Selected Publications

S.W. Jorgensen, T. Johnson, E.A. Payzant, H.Z. Bilheux, “Anisotropic storage medium development in a full-scale sodium alanate based hydrogen storage system,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy (2016) doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.057
H. Wang, M.J. Kirkham, T.R. Watkins, E.A. Payzant, J.R. Salvador, A.J. Thompson, J. Sharp, D. Brown, D. Miller, “Neutron and x-ray powder diffraction study of skutterudite thermoelectrics,” Powder Diffraction 31, 16-22 (2016) doi: 10.1017/S0885715615000937
L. Poudel, C. de la Cruz, E.A. Payzant, A.F. May, M. Koehler, A.E. Taylor, H.B. Cao, M.A. McGuire, W. Tain, M. Matsuda, H. Jeen, H.N. Lee, T. Hong, S. Calder, H. Zhou, M.D. Lumsden, V. Keppens, D. Mandrus, A.D. Christianson, “Structural and magnetic phase transitions in CeCu6−xTx (T = Ag, Pd),” Phys. Rev. B 92, 214421 (2015) doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.214421
D.R. Economy, M.J. Cordill, E.A. Payzant, M.S. Kennedy, “Residual stress within nanoscale metallic multilayer systems during thermal cycling,” Mater. Sci. Engin. A 648, 289-298 (2015) doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2015.09.082
L.N. Brewer, M.S. Bennett, B.W. Baker, E.A. Payzant, L.M. Sochalski-Kolbus, “Characterization of residual stress as a function of friction stir welding parameters in oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel MA956,” Mater. Sci. Engin. A 647, 313-321 (2015) doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2015.09.020
D. Mohanty, A. Safa-Sefat, E.A. Payzant, D.L. Wood, III, C. Daniel, “Unconventional Irreversible Structural Changes in a High-Voltage Li-Mn-Rich Oxide for Lithium-Ion Battery Cathodes,” J. Power Sources 283, 423-428 (2015) doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.02.087
L.M. Sochalski-Kolbus, E.A. Payzant, P.A. Cornwell, T.R. Watkins, S.S. Babu, R.R. Dehoff, M. Lorentz, O. Ovchinnikova, C. Duty, “Comparison of residual stresses in Inconel 718 simple parts made by electron beam melting and direct laser metal sintering,” Met. Mat. Trans. A 46 [3], 1419-1432 (2015) doi: 10.1007/s11661-014-2722-2
M.D. Montasserasadi, D. Mohanty, A. Huq, L. Heroux, E.A. Payzant, J.B. Wiley, “Topochemical synthesis of alkali-metal hydroxide layers within double- and triple-layered perovskites,” Inorg. Chem. 53[3], 1773-1778 (2014) doi: 10.1021/ic402957c
D. Mohanty, A. Huq, E.A. Payzant, A. Safa-Sefat, Jianlin Li, D.P. Abraham, D.L. Wood, III, C. Daniel, “Neutron diffraction and magnetic susceptibility studies on a high-voltage Li1.2Mn0.55Ni0.15Co0.10O2 lithium-ion battery cathode; an insight to the crystal structure,” Chem. Mater., 25[20], 4064-4070 (2013) doi: 10.1021/cm402278q
R.C. Bowman, Jr., E.A. Payzant, P. R. Wilson, D. P. Pearson, A. Ledovskikh, D. Danilov, P.H.L. Notten, K. An, H. D. Skorpenske, D. L. Wood, III, “Characterization and analyses of degradation and recovery of LaNi4.78Sn0.22 hydrides following thermal aging,” J. Alloys Compounds 580, S207-S210 (2013) doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2013.03.129
D. Mohanty, S. Kalnaus, R.A. Meisner, K.J. Rhodes, Jianlin Li, E.A. Payzant, D.L. Wood, III, C. Daniel, “Structural transformation of a lithium-rich Li1.2Co0.1Mn0.55Ni0.15O2 cathode during high voltage cycling resolved by in-situ x-ray diffraction,” J. Power Sources 229, 239-248 (2013) doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.11.144

Awards, Honors and Memberships

ORNL Significant Event Award (2013)
USDOE Office of Science Outstanding Mentor Award (2009)
Fellow, International Center for Diffraction Data (2006)
ORNL Educational Programs Support Award (2005)
HTML Staff Member of the Year (2002)
UWO Materials Engineering Department Teaching Assistant Award (1993 and 1994)
Ontario Graduate Scholarship (1993/94)
NSERC Postgraduate Scholarship (1991/92 and 1992/93)
UWO Graduate Entrance Scholarship (1991)
TUNS 1990 Fund Scholarship (1988/89)
Dalhousie Engineering Society Bronze “E” Award (1983)
Nova Scotia Teachers Union Scholarship (1981/82)
Professional Affiliations:
Member of ASM International
  Chair (2001-02), Vice Chair (2000-01) for Oak Ridge Chapter of ASM International
  Chair (2009-11), Member (2003-12) Editorial Advisory Committee, Advanced Materials and Processes
  Member (2010) ASM International Content Committee
  Member (2013-present) ASM International Student Paper Contest Selection Committee
Associate Editor (2010-present), Journal of Nanomaterials
Member (Fellow) of the International Center for Diffraction Data
Member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Member of the American Crystallographic Association
Member of the Materials Research Society
Member (2006-2014) of the LANSCE MPAC Proposal Review Committee